Control device

Abstract

Claims

E. J. DILLMAN CONTROL DEVICE Dec. 17, 1940. Original Filed April 28', 1937 5 INVENTOR Y A, ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 17, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT? OFFICE 2,225,586 con'raor. nnvrcc Earnest J. Dillman, Detroit, Mich, assignmto Detroit Lubricator Company, Detroit, Mich" a corporation of Michigan Application April 28, 1937, Serial No. 139,555 Renewed March 31, 1939 Claims. My invention relates generally to. automatically operable controls and more particularly to manual operable means foractuating the control. '5 One of the objects of my invention is to provide for an automatically operated control, new and improved, manually operable mechanism for actuating the control. Another object of my invention is to provide '10 new and improved, manually operable mechafully described hereinafter and the novelty of which will be particularly pointed out and distinctly claimed. In the accompanying drawing, to be taken as a part of this specification, I have fully and clearly illustrated my invention, in which drawing-- Figure 1 is a view shown partly in elevation and partly in vertical central cross section, of a control device embodying my invention; ' Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the operating parts in different positions from those shown in Fig. 1, and 1 Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section showing certain structural details of my device. Referring to the drawing by characters of reference the control device shown includes a hollow valve body I having an inlet 2 and an outlet 3 which may be defined by oppositely disposed, external hollow bosses 4 and 5 respectively, that may be threaded for connection in a fluid flow line (not shown). Within the body and integral therewith there is a wall 6 separating the inlet 2 from the outlet 3, and through the wall 6 there is an aperture I for flow of fluid from the inlet side to the outlet side of the valve bpdy l. Preferably the wall 6 has an upwardly directed, extended portion 8 around the opening of aperture I, to provide an upwardly facing port and seat. for a reciprocal valve member, designated in general by the numeral 9, which cooperates with the seat 8 to .permit and/or to stop flow of fluid through the valve body I. In the present instance, thevalve member 9 is comprised of several parts including a valve face member or disc In that is adapted to engage the seat 8, as shown in 1, to close the aperture 1 to flow therethrough'. The valve disc l0 may be and preferably is formed of a compressible material and is preferably positioned 5, and held between apair of plate members ll, l2 which serve to retain the form of the compressiblemember l0. Preferably the upper plate member II has a downtumed, continuous flange l3 that receives or flts over the valve disclll and 19 prevents a circumferential expansion of the valve disc. The plate members ll, l2 and the valve disc ID are preferably provided with centrally disposed, aligning apertures for receiving a rod member [4 that serves in part, to secure the disc 15 and plates together and serves in part to guide the'valve member 9. The rod member [I may have an external annular flange l5 for abutment against the underside of the lower plate member l2, and the disc Ill and plates ll, 12 20 may be clamped together and secured to the rod I 4 between the rod flange l5 and a nut l6 that may screw thread onto the upper end of. the rod and abut the upper surface of the plate ll. Enclosed in a casing I] which may bemount- 5 ed on the upper end of the valve body I, there is an automatic actuator for the valve member 9, preferably an electromagnet or solenoid that may be of any suitable type. The solenoid includes the usual movable core [8 and, in the pres- 30 ent instance, the core l8 and valve member 9 have a lost motion connection therebetween. To this end the rod It may have a chamber IS in its upper end wherein an enlarged endportion or head 20 of a. connecting rod 2|, carried by 35 the core It, may have limited longitudinal or vertical movement relative torthe' valve member 9. The chamber [9 may be in the form of a bored recess providing an upwardly facing inner end wall 22, and the nut l6 may be formed to 0 provide an opposite end wall 23.having an aperture 24 therethrough for freely receiving the connecting rod 2|. When the solenoid is energized the armature It! will moveupwardand after predetermined movement the-rod head 20 will en- 45 age the chamber end wall 23 and lift the valve member 9 away from its seat. Thislost motion connection permits-the core l8 to gain momentum before the solenoid takes on the additional load of lifting the valve member 9. Upon' de- 50' energization ,of the solenoid the valve 9 seats and the core It continues downward until the head 20 engages the chamber-endwall 22, to which it imparts a sharp impact to tightly-seat the valve. v The valve body 1 is preferably formed at its lower'wall with an enlarged, integral portion 25 to provide a housing for manually operable mechanism for actuating the valve 9, and this 5 enlarged portion preferably includes an upstandstem portion 3| that maybe slidably received and guided in the upper bore 29 and when the valve memer 9 is seated, a lower end portion of the stem 3| preferably projects downward into the intermediate bore 39, as shown in Fig. 1. Slidably received and vertically movable in'the intermediate bore 30 there is a plunger or push rod member 33 for manually actuating the valve member 9, the plunger member 33 beingshown in its inactive position in Fig. 1 and in its active position in Figs. 2 and 3. The plunger member 33 has a chamber 34, preferably a bored recess extending transversely in the plunger and opening at one end through the side wall of the plunger. Disposed in the bore 34 there is a latch member or detent 35 which, as shown, may be a ball, and a coil spring 36 may be provided and disposed in the bore 34 to urge the ball 35 outward. In the wall of the intermediate bore 39, adjacent its upper end, there is provided an an-' 35 nular socket or recess 31, preferably a. V-shaped groove, in which the ball latch 35 is adapted to extend or position under the force of the spring 36 upon predetermined upward movement of the valve 9 by the plunger 33. Outward movement of the latch member 35 is preferably limited, and to this end the wall at the opening of the bore 34 may have an inwardly peened over portion 38; The plunger member 33 preferably has a depending stem portion 39 that may extend centrally through the large bore 28 and project externally thereof below the lower end of the external boss 21. Packing material 40 is preferably provided around the plunger stem 39, within the large bore 28, and the packing material 49 is preferably disposed between two metallic disc members 4| that have aligning apertures for receiving the stem 39. 'The' upper disc member 4| seats against the downwardly facing, internal shoulder formed between the intermediate bore 39 and the lower or larger bore 28, and the upper disc may be held against said shoulder and the packing material held under compression, by a helical coil spring 42 positioned in the bore 28. The coil spring 42'is under compression having one end abutting the lower disc member 4| and the otheror lower end of the spring may seat .on an abutment 43 fixed against movement to the wall of the bore 23. The lower end of the plunger stem 39 may be enclosed by a cap 44 that may be 'screw threaded onto the depending external boss -2 The herein described device, among other uses, may be employed'to control flow of fuel to a burner (not shown) and when so employed is 7 usually controlled by a thermostat (not shown). 'In normal", operation, when the solenoid is energized its core'lilwill be attracted and will move V upwardly and afterpredetermined upward movement of thefc'ore the head 20 of the rod 2| will .engage the end wall 23 of the chamber I9 and move or pull the valve member 9 upward away from its seat, to a position such as that shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2. Upon deenergization of the solenoid its core l8 will descend, carrying with it the valve member 9 which, upon predetermined 5 downward movement, will engage its seat 8. After initial seating of the valve 9 the core l8 will continue to descend until the head 20 of rod 2! abuts the lower chamber end wall 22, to which it gives a sharp impact to tightly seat the valve 9. 10 If the current should fail, or if for any reason the solenoid would not operate, the valve 9 may be opened by means of the manually operable plunger 33, to which ready access may be had by removing thecap 44. 15 To open or unseat the valve member 9 the plunger 33 is pushed upward and through engagement with the valve stem 3! moves the valve member 9 upward away from its seat 8. After predetermined upward movement of the valve 20 member 9 by the plunger 33; the spring pressed latch or ball 35 will lodge in its cooperative socket 31 and hold the valve member in an open position, such as the position shown in full lines in Fig. 2. In this position the valve member 9 is preferably 25 intermediate closed and the open position of the valve shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2 to which it is moved by the solenoid. The latch 35 may be released to permit the valve member 9 to descend to its seat 8 by pulling the plunger member 33 a0 downward, which will cause the latch 35 to move inward and compress its spring 38. If the current should come on while the spring pressed latch 35 is serving to hold the valve member 9 open, the .solenoid will raise the valve member to the 5 position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2. Upon deenergization of the solenoid the core l8 and valve member 9 will descend and the valve stem 3| will engage the plunger 33 and push the same downward whereby to release the manual valve 40 opening means to permit the valve member 9 to seat. What I claim and desire to secure by letters Patent or the United States is: , l. A valve of the character described compris- 45 ing a casing having a passageway therethrough including a valve port, a. valve member controlling said port and movable toward open and closed positions, manually operable means for moving said valve member to partially open position, a 50 spring pressed latch means to hold said manually operable means in position to hold said valve member in partially open position, and means to move said valve member to a further open position and out of engagement with said manually 55 operable means, said valve member acting upon movement from said further open position'toward closed position to release the latch means by impact and move said operable means to inactive position. 60 2. In a valve, a'casing having a port, a movable valve member controlling said port, a manually operable plunger independent of and cooperable with said valve member for moving said valve member toward open position, automatically opero5 able means for moving said valve member further toward open position, means providing a socket, a movable latch member carried by said plunger and engageable insaid socket to hold said plunger in a position to hold said valve member open, 4 and yieldable means urging said latch member into said socket, the force exerted by said yieldable means being overcome by said valve member upon movement of said valve member toward closed position. 75 3. Ina valve, a casing having a port and having a chamber, a movable valve member con- -trolling said port, a plunger member reciprocal in said chamber and havingan active and an in- 5. active position and operable to move said valve member to an open position, said plunger member in inactive position being out of engagement with said valve member, said plunger member having a chamber opening through a side wall thereof, a-latch member in said second-named chamber, a socket in the side wall of said firstnamed chamberior receiving said latch member, and a spring in said second-named chamber and urging said latch member outwardly, said valve from said open position impacting said plunger member to release said latch member and move said plunger member to said inactive position. ber and an outlet chamber, a wall member between said chambers and having a port therethrough, a valve member controlling said port and movable toward open and closed positions and havingv a depending stem, an internal boss having an aperture therethrough for receiving said stem to guide said valve member in reciprocal movement, a manually operable recipr cal plunger member. guided in said aperture and operable to move said valve member toward open position, and a latch member in said manual member, the wall of said aperture having a socket to receive said latch member to hold saidvalve member in partially open position, said latch member being releasable to permit the closing of I the valve member upon impact of said valve member returning toward closed position from a further open position. 5. A valve of the character described, comprising a casing having a passageway therethrough with a valve port, a valve member controlling flow through said port, means operable to hold said valve member in an elevated position, said casing having a guide bore alined with said port, re- ciprocal means in said bore and movable toward said port, said means being engageable with said valve member and operable to move said valve member toward said elevated position, and yieldable latch means cooperable with said reciprocal means to hold. said valve member releasably against its potential force in a position intermediate closed position and said elevated osition, said 'valve member acting uponmbvement from said elevated position to engage said re-' ciprocal means to overcome said latch means so that said reciprocal means will be moved outof ho ding position. 6; A valve of the character described, comprising a casing having an inlet and an outlet, a wall member in said casing intermediate said inlet and said outlet and having a valve port, an upward projecting internal boss. and a downward projecting external boss in substantial 'alinement and projecting from said casing bottom wall concen trio with said valve port, said bosses and said bottom wall having a bore therethrough comprising a portion of small crossesectional area, an intermediate portion, and a portion of relatively large cross-sectional area, said small portion be-" ing at the inner end of said bore and adjacent said valve port and said large portion being at the other end of said bore, a valve member cooperabie with said valve port to control the flow of 'iluid therethrough and having a stem portion reciprocable in said small bore portion and having a por- 7 .tion extending into said. intermediate portion when said valve member is in closed position, a phmger member for reciprocal movement in said intermediate portion having a stem portion extending through said large portion and having a chamber, a latch member in said chamber, a 5 recess in the wall of said intermediate bore portionto receive said latch member, said plungermember engaging said stem portion to move said valve member toward open position upon move- .ment or said latch member toward said recess, 10 said recess being so positioned'that said valve member will be held in partially open position upon movement of said latch member. into said recess, means to move said valve member to a further open position, said latch member being 15 releasable upon the impact of said valve member from said further open position and moved there- 4 by out of contact with said valve member, and a 4. In a valve, a casing having an inlet chamcap member for said external boss and removable therefrom. o 20 'I. A valve of the character described c omprising a casing having an inlet and an outlet in substantial alinement, a wall member in said casing intermediate said inlet and said outlet and having a substantially horizontal section 25 including a valve port, an upward projecting internal boss and a cylindrical downward projecting external boss screw threaded on its outer periphery, said bosses being in substantial alinement and projecting from said casing bottom wall concentric with said valve port, a bore through said bosses and said bottom wall comprising a small bore portion, an intermediate bore portion and a large bore portion so arranged that the small portion is adjacent the valve port 35 end of said bore and said large portion is at the other end of said bore, a valve member cooperable with said port to control the flow of fluid therethrough and having a stern portion reciprocable in said small bore portion and having a portion extending into said intermediate portion when said valve member is in closed position, a plunger member for reciprocal movement in said intermediate portion comprising a stem portion extending through said large por- 45 tion, said plunger member having a transverse bore,a ball and a helical coil spring within said .tween said chambers and having a port there- 60 throught, a valve member controlling said port and movable toward open and closed positions. and having a dependingstem, an internal boss having an aperture therethrough'for receiving saidfstem and guiding said valve member in 5 reciprocal movement, said aperture having a portion of enlarged cross-sectional area at its end opposite said port, a manually operable reciprocal plunger member guided in said aperture with a portion extending into said enlarged por- 'tion and operable to'move said valve member toward open position, a latch member in said manual member, the wall of said aperture having a socket to receive said latch member to hold said valve member in partially open position, the closing of the valve member upon impact from said valve member returning toward closed position from a further open position, a plurality of metallic disc members in said enlarged portion having alining apertures therethrough for reception of said plunger member extending portion, packing material between said disc mem-' bers, a helical coil spring within said enlarged. latch member carried by said plunger and engageable in said socket to hold said plunger in a position to hold said one member in the position to which said one member is moved by said plunger, and yieldable means urging said latch member into said socket, the force exerted by said yieldable means being overcome by said one movable member upon movement of said one movable member in a direction away from said given position so that said plunger will be returned to an inactive position. 19. In an apparatus of the character described, a movable controlling means having an active and an inactive position, means for moving said controlling means from said inactive position to said active position, and means normally in a position disengaged from said controlling 0 means and operable to move and hold said controlling means in a position intermediate said active position and said inactive position, said controlling means being operable upon movement from said active position to said inactive position to move said third-named means to said disengaged position. 11. In an apparatus of the character described, a movable controlling means having an active and an inactive position, means for moving said controlling means from said inactive position to said active position, means normally in a position disengaged from said controlling means and operable'to move said controlling means into a position intermediate said active position and 7 said inactive position, and releasable means for holding said controlling means in said intermediate position, said controlling means being operable upon movement trom said active position to said inactive position to release said releasable means and to move said third-named means to said disengaged position. 12. In an apparatus of the character described, a movable controlling means having an active and an inactive position, means for moving said controlling means-to said active position, manually operable means normally in a position disengaged from said controlling means and operable to move said controlling means into a position intermediate said active position and said inactive position, and releasable means carried by said manual means for holding said controlling means in said intermediate position, said controlling means being operable upon said latch member being releasable to permit" movement from'said active position to said inactive position to release said releasable means and to move said manual means to said. disengaged position. I 13. In a valve, a casing having an inlet chamberand an outlet-chamber, a wall member between said chambers and having a port therethrough, a valve member controlling said port and movable toward open and closed positions "and having a depending stem, an internal boss having an aperture therethrough for receivin said stem and guiding said valve member in reciprocal movement, said aperture having a portion of enlarged cross-sectional area at its end opposite said port, a manually operable reciprocal plunger member guided in said aperture with a portion extending into said enlarged portion and operable to move said valve member toward open position, a latch member in said manual member, the wall of said aperture having a socket to receive said latch member to hold said valve member in partially open position, said latch member being releasable to permit the closing of the valve member upon impact from said valve member returning toward closed position from a further open position, and means to prevent flow of fluid between said plunger extending portion and said casing. 14. A valve of the character described comprising a casing having a passageway there-, through including a valve port, a valve membercontrolling said port and movable toward open and closed positions, manually operable means having an active position and an inactive position, said manually operable means being movable toward its active postion to move said valve member to partially open position, means for positioning and maintaining said manually operable means in said active position, and means to move said-valve member to a further open position out of contact with said manual means, said positioning means being so construc'ted and arranged relative to said valve member further open position and to the mass of said valve member that saidvalve member up on movement toward closed position from said further open position is operable to impact and to move said manually operable means to its inactive position. 15. A valve of the character through including a valve port, a valve member controlling said port and movable toward open and closed positions, manually operable means having an active andan inactive position, 'said manually operable means on movement to its active position moving said valve member to a partially open position, releasable means movdescribed comv prising a casing having a passageway thereable relative to saidcasing and operable to hold I said manually operable means in said activeposition, and electrically operable means operable when energized. to move said valve member fur ther toward open position and out of engagement 'with said manually operable means, said valve member on deenergization of said electrically operable means movingtoward closed position and impacting saidmanually operable means so that said releasable meansis moved out of holding position, said valve member also acting to move said manually operable means to said inactive position so that said valve member can move to closed position. EARNEST J. DILLMAN.

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Cited By (4)

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    US-2010158704-A1June 24, 2010Waters Technologies CorporationCompliant-seal check valve
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    US-5007614-AApril 16, 1991Hanford N. LockwoodPressure responsive two-way shut-off valve
    US-8671975-B2March 18, 2014Waters Technologies CorporationCompliant-seal check valve