Dye intermediate

Abstract

Claims

Patented Mar. 19, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFHCE DYE INTERMEDIATE Frithjof Zwilgmeyer, Arden, Del., assignor to E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Del.,.a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Application June 23, 1937, Serial No. 149,888 8 Claims. (Cl. 260-198) This invention relates, to azo compounds, and especially to azo compounds having an amino group which is diazotizable and when diazotized is capable of being coupled to an azo dye coupling component. More particularly the invention relates to azo arylamines and to processes of making such arylamines which may be represented generally by the following formula X 9 g i Aryl- -N=N' x* 5 a it. in which Aryl is an aromatic nucleus of a compound from the group consisting of benzene, naphthalene, carbazole, anthracene, diphenyl 2 and azo-benzene compounds, one X is hydroxy the other Ys are hydrogen, and n is an integer 1 m2, depending upon whether the Aryl-azo 35 other object of the invention is to provide intermediates for azo dyes which have good fastness properties. Other objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description. The objects of this invention are attained gen- 40 erally by diazotizing or tetrazotizing arylamines of the benzene, naphthalene, carbazole, anthracene, diphenyl or azo-benzene series which are free from solubilizing groups, then coupling the diazo or the tetrazo salts, as the case may be, in alkaline reaction media with amino-naphthols which are represented by the formula in which formula one X is hydroxy and the other Xs hydrogen, and one Y is amino and the other T5 are hydrogen. By coupling under alkaline conditions, we have found that nearly all the coupling takes place in the ring bearing the (so hydroxyl group. It has also been found that and the other. is, hydrogen, one Y is amino and the products may be purified from small quantitles of the compounds formed by coupling in the ring bearing the amino group. This invention will be more fully explained by reference to the following illustrative examples in which. all quantities are stated in parts by weight, but the inventionisnot limitedto the examples. Example 1 parts of metaxylidine were diazotized and coupled to 16 parts of l-amino-7-naphthol in alkaline solution by the method well known in the art. The precipitate. was filtered, washed with water until it was free of alkali and then dried. T The product consisted of 29 parts of a dark brown powder which is represented by the following formula: Thev product was diazotized and the diazo salts which were precipitated and separated from thejreaction mixture and dried were found to be stable- A sample of cotton goods was impregnated with a diazo dye coupling component and the diazo salt was applied to the impregnated goods in the form of a printing paste. Brown shades were produced and the prints had good fastness to washing, light and the usual exposures to which dyed textiles are exposed. The diazo salts were fairly soluble in water and were founclto .be' especially useful for making diazo salt solutions to be applied to goods which had been previously impregnated with diazo dye coupling components. Example 2 15 parts of cr-esidine were diazotized and coupled to '16 parts-of l-amino-l-hapthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkaline and dried. The product was a dark brown powder which is represented .by the following formula: OCH: OH OH; NH This product had in general the properties and utility of the product produced in accordance; with Example 1. Example 3 15 parts of para toluidine were used instead of meta xylidine and the procedure of Example 1 was repeated. 28 parts of a dark brown powder represented by the following formula were obtained: This product had in general the properties and utility of the product produced in accordance with Example 1. Example 4 The procedure of Example 1 was repeated except that 15 parts of aniline were used instead of meta xylidine. The product is represented by the following formula: The properties of this product were similar to the product of Example 1 except the solubility of the diazo salts. The diazo salts were more soluble than the salts of Example 1. Example 5 14 parts of para-chloro-ortho-toluidine were diazotized and coupled to 16 parts of l-amino- '7-naphthol in alkaline solution by methods well known to the art. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water, and dried. 28 parts of a dark brown powder which is represented by the following formula were obtained. The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 6 32 parts of 2:5-dichloro-aniline were diazotized in the usual manner, then coupled to 32 parts of l-amino-l-naphthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 61 parts of a dark brown powder were obtained. The compound is represented by the following formula: The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 7 15 parts of diazotized para-chlor-ortho-anisidine were coupled to 16 parts of l-amino-l-naphthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 29 parts of a dark brown powder were obtained. The compound is represented by the following formula: The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 8 17 parts of diazotized 2-nitro-4-chlor-aniline were coupled to 16 parts of 1-amino-7-naphthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 32 parts of a dark brown powder represented by the following formula were obtained: N O 2 O H The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 9 20 parts of alpha-amino-anthraquinone were diazotized, then coupled to 16 parts of l-amino- 'l-naphtholin alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 36 parts of a dark brown powder represented by the following formula were obtained: E N==N U :0 Em C H o The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 10 20 parts of beta-amino-anthraquinone were diazotized, then coupled to 16 parts of l-amino- 'l-naphthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 35 parts of a dark brown powder represented by the following formula were obtained: r i [LO 8 N Hz NH The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 12 The properties and'utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 13 24 parts of 4-amino-4-dimethyl-amino-azobenzene were diazotized, then coupled to 16 parts of 1-amino-7-naphthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 39 parts of a dark brown powder represented by the following formula were obtained: CHa The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 14 .32 parts of 2:5-dichloro-aniline were diazotized, then coupled to 32 parts of 1,-amino--naphthol in alkaline solution. The precipitate was filtered, washed free of alkali with water and dried. 60parts of a dark brown powder represented by the following formula were obtained: The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. Example 15 OCHa The properties and utility of the product are similar to the product of Example 1. i The azo arylamines of the invention are capable of being diazotized and coupled to azo dye coupling components forming insoluble dyes by employing the known ice color processes in which the diazotized azo arylamines are used instead of the diazo components ordinarily used. In these, processes the compounds of the invention were applied as solutions to materials which had been previously impregnated with azo dye coupling components. Alternatively they were converted to water soluble diazoimino derivatives or to antidiazotates by methods well knownin the art. These compounds were then mixed with coupling components, the goods were printed or impregnated therewith and the dyes were developed by treatment with weak acids. The diazotized salts of this invention canbe separated directly from the diazo reaction mixtures and these salts can be used in solutions or in printing pastes to give good dyeings on fibres which had been previously impregnated with coupling components. The dyes were found to give good dyeings on textile fibres and fabrics, particularly cotton, regenerated cellulose and related materials and dyeings of good fastness to washing and the usual exposures to which such materials are subjected were made. The foregoing examples illustrate only a few of the many new azo-arylamines obtainable according to the present invention. The arylamines which are free from the water solubilizing carboxyl and sulphonic acid groups, may be diazotized and coupled with aminonaphthols to produce the new azo-arylamines according to the present invention. The aryl nucleus of the diazo component may be a benzene or a naphthalene nucleus which is unsubstituted or is substituted by groups other than carboxy and sulphonic acid. In general from 1 to .3 substituent groups in this component are satisfactory but more can be used. The substituents from the groups alkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, aralkyl, aralkoxy, aryl, hydro-aryloxy, acylamino, halogen, nitro and even others, except carboxy and sulphonic acid can be used. From the standpoint of solubility of the diazo salts of the compounds, those which contain 1 or 2 alkyl and alkoxy groups give excellent results. Among suitable amines otherthan those illustrated in the above examples the following are mentioned: Ortho-toluidine Meta-toluidine Ortho-anisidine Para-anisidine Para-phenetidine Ortho-xylidine Para-xylidine 2:5-dimethoxy aniline 2:5-diethoxy aniline Ortho-chloro-aniline p-Nitro-aniline 4-nitro-2-amino-anisole 4-chloro-2-amino-anisole 3-amino-benzo-trifluoride Ortho-phenetidine 4-benzoyl-amino-2 5-diethoxy-aniline Alpha-naphthylamine 1-amino-2-methoxy-naphthalene Amino-azo-benzene Benzidine 4 :4-diamino-diphenylamine 4 :4 -diamino-diphenyl-ether 4 :4'-diamino-azo-benzene All the amino-naphthols may be utilized generally as second components in the preparation of the new azo-arylamines. These amino-naphthols include 115-, 1:6-, 1:7-, 1:8-, 2:5-, 2:6- 2 7- and 2 8-amino-naphthols. The general methods of preparing the azoarylamines of the invention as well as numerous variations in the details of these methodsare understood in the art. However, the coupling of the diazotized arylamines or tetrazotized arylenediamines must be carried out under alkaline conditions in order to obtain products consisting chiefly of the compounds in which coupling has taken place in the nucleus of the amino-naphthol bearing the hydroxyl substituent. vi/hen the products contain compounds which result from coupling to the nucleus of the aminonaphthol bearing the amino substituent, the products may be purified to free them from these impurities by various methods. The most convenient method consists in stirring the crude products with a strong mineral acid under proper conditions of acidity, volume and temperature, the principles of which are generally understood by the art. The desired products are caused to dissolve in the acid while the by-products are insoluble. The solutions are filtered and the purified products recovered from the filtrate by precipitation with alkali, filtration, washing and drying. Alternatively the products may be purified by crystallization from a suitable organic solvent. By the use of the new azo-arylamines as diazo components, a range of ice colors of good fastness properties are produced, the shades usually being browns or blacks. Since from the foregoing description of the invention it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that many embodiments of the invention may he made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed. I claim: 1. compound represented by the formula: Y Y n in which Aryl is a radical of the group consisting of radicals of the benzene, naphthalene, carbazole, anthracene, diphenyl and azo-benzene series 3. The compound represented by the formula: cm on i CH3 4. The compound represented by the formula: 5. The process which comprises diazotizing an insoluble primary arylamine from the group consisting of n1ono-amines and diamines oi the benzene, naph 'lalene, carbazole, anthracene, diphenyl and axe-benzene series which are devoid of hydroxy groups; and coupling in alkaline medium with an amino-naphthol from the group consisting of 115-, 1:6-, 1:7, 1:8-, 2:5-, 2:6-, 2:7- and 2:8-amino naphthol. 6. The process which comprises diazotizing metaxylidine and coupling in alkaline medium with l-amino-7-naphthol. '7. The process which comprises diazotizing cresidine and coupling in alkaline medium with l-amino-Y-naphthol. 8. The process which comprises diazotizing para toluidine and coupling in alkaline medium with 1-amino7-naphthol. FRITHJOF ZW'ILGMEYER.

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    US-2849436-AAugust 26, 1958Ciba LtdMetalliferous monoazo-dyestuffs and process of making same