Filing machine

Abstract

Claims

March 5, 1940. B. @ROB UAL '2,192,788 FILING MACHINE I Filed Sept. 13. 1933 ATTORNEY. Patented Mar. 5, 1.940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application September 13, 1933, Serial No. 689,241 19 Claims. This invention `relates to improvements in ling machines of the type wherein the Work is subjected to the abrasive action of a continuous series of les carried by an endless chain which coacts with spaced pulleys driven so as to constantly advance the successive files in the same direction past 'the work. l This lapplication is a continuation in part of the co-pending applications resulting in the Patm ents No. 1,949,742, issued March 6, 1934, and No. 1,958,477, issued May 15, 1934, and particularly with respect tocertain claims divided out of the application .resulting in theA patent last mentioned. 15 An object of the invention is to provide an improved machine of the type wherein the successive illes are most effectively guided, and in which Ithe files are so constructed and coact with each other in a manner whereby a continuous 2@ and highly eflicient abrasive surface is presented to the work, 1 Another object of the invention is to Kprovide animproved iile carrier chain, and simple means for effectively attaching the illes to the chain u without resorting to objectionable spot Welding. A further object. is generally. to simplify and improve the construction and operation of tiling machines. These and` other objects and advantages will ,o be apparent from the following detailed description and drawing, wherein- Fig. 1 is a perspective view vof a complete filing machine; 1 filFig. 2 is an enlarged front view of two of the Fig. 3. is a similarly enlargedside vi'ew of a number of the illes and of a piece of the carrier chain, showing portions of the chain guiding and driving mechanisms; Fig. 4 is a'further enlarged central longitudinal resulting in Patent No. 1,958,477, issued May 15,. 1934. 'I'he machine comprises in general a main frame 6. a lower pulley 1 xedly journaled in the frame and adapted to be rotated by a motor 8 through transmission mechanism 9, an upper pulley III adjustably supported from the frame by a lever II, an endless chain I2 coacting with the pulleys 1, III and having a continuous series. section through one of the les and several of` of' the pins -20 are of reduced diameter, so that `of les I3 attached thereto, a work supporting o table I4 adjustably attached to the main frame, and mechanism including a guide I5 and steadying arm I6 for stabilizing the iiles and carrier chain near the table I4. As shown in Fig. 2, the file teeth preferably extend across the i'lle faces diagonally, and the adjacent ends of the successive files I3 are ldisposed diagonally in the opposite direction, across the path of travel of the file faces. This con- 10 Astruction of the les provides an overlap of the file ends eflectng an uninterrupted and smooth abrasive surface at the joints between the files whereby to reduce longitudinal vibration; and prevents thin pieces of work from entering the 15 slight gaps at these joints. The endless chain I2 which carries the iiles I3, is shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, and consists of main U-shaped links I1 directly attached to the illes, intermediate U-shaped links I8 disposed 20 between the m'ain links, and sets of solid links I9 connected to theadjacent links I1, I8 by pivot [pins 20. All of the links I1, I8, I9 may be formed of sheet metal, and the transverse width of the U-shaped links is less than that of the les I3 so g5 that` the U-shapd guide I5 which embraces the chain I2 at the Working zone, will not project beyond the side edges of the files, asclearly indicated in Fig. 5. The U-shaped guide I5' may also be formed of sheet metal, and is detachably iixed 30 with the main frame 6 by pins 2I, 22 shown in Fig. 3; and a roller 23 carried by the end lof the` arm I6 is adapted to be brought in contact with the file 'faces in order to retain the chain I2 1 within the guide I5, by virtue of the adjustability s of the steadying arm shown in Fig. 1. - The chain I2 is constantly maintained in stretched condition, whether in the machine or removed therefrom, by leaf springs 24 inserted between' the pins 20 as shown in Fig. 3, and the solid links I9 are adapted to be engaged by driving pins 25 carried by the lower pulley 1, to engage the chain between the walls of the U-shaped links and against the trailing end of the solid links, thus providing a positive drive. The ends 45 when the pins have `been inserted and the springs 24 are applied, the pins 20 cannot fall out of place, and the medial portions Iof `these pins snugly nt the openings in the solid links I9. The driving pins 25 are axially slidable t'positions respectively engaging and disengaged from'the ville chain, and are normally urgedto'engage the tile chain by the means of springs, not shown, which may be of any suitable form, as for instance the form shown in said co-pending application. The rigid attachment of the main links I1 to the files I3 is accomplished as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, by providing spaced recesses in the rear of each file and by partially punching the links I1 to provide integral lug members 26 adapted to snugly engage these recesses. As clearly shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the lugs 26 are formed by locally punching spaced depressions in the rear side of each of the ductile, sheet-metal main links I1; and the lugs 26 thus produced on the front of eachlink I1, project forwardly a distance equal to about one-half the thickness of the main link and thus produce lugs which are adapted to resist considerable shear. The files and main links are also provided with spaced screw-threaded holes adapted to receive clamping screws 21 as shown, but these screws may be replaced by rivets. The screws 21 or rivets, which detachably connect the les I3 and main links I1, are substantially relieved from shear stresses during normal operation of the machine, by the lugs 26 which snugly engage the recesses in the illes I3 and thereby definitely position the links I1 relative to the les I3 so that the latter 4will properly cooperate with each other and with the xed guide I5. The solid links I9 are shaped so as to avoid interfering with the clamping screws or rivets, and the clamping members serve merely to hold the les I3 and links I1 together, while the lugs 26 take all of the shear stresses and to align the files to operate in a path of accurately predetermined width. The mode of utilizing the improved ling machine should be readily apparent from the foregoing description, and it is to be noted that the carrier chain I2 is at all times maintained in stretched condition by the adjustable lever II, and by the leaf springs 2l. The guide I5 cooperates with the diagonal formation of the ends of the les I3 to present a smooth abrasive surface, and by making the stabilizing guide of less width than the illes I3, grooves of the same width as the files but of greater depth than the ille thickness, may be formed in the work. That is to say, in order that the guide may not interfere with entry of the ille edges into corners of the work, it is important that that portion of the guide within the working zone, the zone occupied by the face of the work being filed. be no greaterA in width than the width of the illes, and it will be noted that that condition prevails in the form of guide shown. The improved attachment of the files to the main links I1 with the aid of the lugs 28, insures iirm connection of these elements to each other without destroying the temper of the illes as is done with welding, andthe les may be readily replaced when worn. While an actual commercial embodiment of' the invention has been shown and described herein, the features thereof are obviously subject to some modification without departing from the spirit of the improvement. y We claim: 1. In a filing machine, a guide flxedly supported at both ends and having elongated plane bearing surfaces on opposite sides of a central groove, a series of les of greater width than said guide each having spaced central recesses and rear side portions cooperable with said guide surfaces on opposite sides of said recesses, the adjacent ends of the successive illes being disposed diagonally in one direction acro said guide while the ille teeth extend diagonally in the opposite direction, a main U-shaped sheet-metal link attached directly to each flle and having punched integral projections of less height than the link thickness and of less width than said groove snugly engaging said recesses between said guide surfaces, other U-shaped sheet-metal links disposed between said main links and coacting with said diagonal le ends between said guide surfaces, and solid links pivotally connecting the adjacent ends of said main and other U-shaped links to provide a carrier chain movable within said groove. 2. In a filing machine, a guide fixedly supported at both ends and having elongated plane bearing surfaces on opposite sides of a central groove, a series of illes of greater width than said gulde each having spaced central recesses and rear side portions cooperable with said guide surfaces on opposite sides of said recesses, the adjacent ends of the successive illes being disposed diagonally in one direction across said guide while the file teeth extend diagonally in the opposite direction, a main U-shaped sheet-metal link attached directly to each le and having punched integral projections of less height than the link thickness and of less width than said groove snugly engaging said recesses between said guide surfaces, other U-shaped sheet-metal links disposed between said main links and coacting with said diagonal le ends between said guide surfaces, solid links pivctally connecting the adjacent ends of said main and other U-shaped links to provide a carrier chain movable within said groove, and means for stretching said chain longitudinally to' maintain said links within said groove and said ille portions in contact with said guide surfaces. 3. In a filing machine the combination of a frame, a. plurality of vertically spaced pulleys supported from said frame, a horizontal work table Xed on said frame at a level between said pulleys and providing a vertical opening, a carrier guided on said pulleys for movement of a portion down- -llardly through. a working zone and through said opening in a straight line path, le elements xed on said carrier to provide a substantially continuous filing surface in said path, and a guide extending through said opening and supported from said frame at vertically spaced points respectively above and below said table, said guide providing vertically extended surfaces supporting said carrier and les against lateral displacement, said guide within said working zone having an overall width no greater'than said les. 4. In a tiling machine the combination of a frame, a horizontal wor-kv table supported from said frame and providing a chain opening, a chain supported from said. frame for movement of a portion of the chain downwardly through said opening in a straight line path, said chain including ille elements xed therewith to provide a substantially vertically continuous filing surface in said path, and transmission mechanism for the downward actuation of said chain portion including a power actuated element movable in the direction of chain travel and having a chain abutment portion, said chain providing complementary abutment portions engageable therewith, and means mounting said power actuated element for movement in a direction transverse to the direction of chain movement and sufiicient to disengage from said complementary abutment portions. y 5. In a filing machine the combination of a frame, a plurality of vertically spaced pulleys supported therefrom, a carrier guided on said pulleys for movement of a portion downwardly in a straight line path, `i'lle elements located at the front of said carrier to provide a substantially continuous front filing surface in said path and defined between two parallel laterally spaced vertical planes, the ends of adjacent ille elements being mutually overlapping in a longitudinal direction in said straight line path portion, where-l by to minimize the eiect of the longitudinal interruption of said filing surface between the le elements. 6. In a filing machine the combination of a\ frame, a plurality of vertically spaced pulleys supported therefrom, a table positioned between said pulleys, a carrier guided on said pulleys for movement of a portion downwardly in a straight line path. providing a working zone above said table, file elements located at the front of said carrier to provide a substantially continuous front filing surface in said path and defined between two parallel laterally spaced vertical planes,.fasten ing means individually xing said file elements with said carrier, said file elements and carrier providing for each le element' a plurality of longitudinally spaced cooperative dowel and recess portions preventing relative lateral movement of the file elements, .and means preventing lateral movement of said carrier including a guide engaging lateral faces thereof at a level immediately above said table, said guide at said level being of a lateral width no greater than the spacing of I ping in a longitudinal direction in said straightv line path portion, whereby to minimize the effect of the joints between the file elements, and a vertically disposed guide for said carrier and les, said guide extending through said working zone and into said table. 8. In a filing machine the combination of a frame, a plurality of vertically spaced pulleys supported therefrom, a table carried by said frame between the pulleys, a carrier guided on said pulleys for movement of a portion downwardly in a straight line path, providing au working zone adjacently above the upper surface of said table, file elements located at the front of said carrier to provide a substantially continuous front filing surface in said path and defined between two parallel laterally spaced vertical planes, the ends of adjacent flle elements being mutually overlapping in a longitudinal direction in said straight line path portion, whereby to-minimize theeflect of the joints between the file elements, and a vertically disposed guide for said carrier and files extending through said working zone and into said table to prevent displacement of said les, said guide at the upper level of said table being of a lateral width no greater than the spacing of said planes. l 9. In a filing machine the combination of a frame, a plurality of vertically spaced pulleys supported therefrom, a table carried by said frame between the pulleys, a carrier guided on said pulleys for movement of a portion downwardly in a straight line path, providing a working zone adjacently above the upper surface of said table, file elements located at the front of said carrier, to provide a substantially continuous front filing i sure of the work before the next preceding ele-` ment has been relieved of such pressure, whereby to minimize the effect of the joints between the file elements, and a vertically disposed guide for said carrier and files extendingv through said working zone and into said table to prevent displacement of said files, said guide being unitarily removable and replaceable. l0. In a filing machine the combination of a frame, a plurality of vertically spaced pulleys supported therefrom, a table carried by said frame between the pulleys, a carrier guided on said pulleys for movement of a portion downwardly in a straight line path, providing a working zone adjacently above the upper surface of said table, le elements located at the front of said carrier to vprovide a substantially continuous front filing surface in said path and defined between two parallel laterally spaced vertical planes, the ends of adjacent file elements being mutually overlapping in a longitudinal direction in said straight line path portion, whereby to minimize the eiect of the joints between the le elements? and a vertically disposed guide for said carrier and files extending through said working zone and to said table to prevent lateral displacement of said files, said guide being unitarily removable and replaceable and at the upper level of said table being of a lateral width no greater than said les. ' 1l. In a ling machine the combination of an endless carrier, a series of files attached to said carrier, a horizontal work support, means for advancing said carrier and files downwardly through the working zone and past said support, an ele`- I ment spaced from and disposed above said support, a reaction guide member spanningV the space between fsaid element and said support and engaging said carrier, said guide being of a lateral overall width within said working zone no greater than said illes, and an adjustable roller coacting with the faces of said les remote from said guide. 12. In a ling machine the combination of an endless carrier, a series of les attached to said carrier, a horizontal work support, means for` carrier, a pivoted horizontal work support, meansV for advancing said carrier and flles downwardly through a working zone and past said support, an element spaced from and disposed above said support, and a reaction guide member for said carrier and les, said member spanning the space between said element and said support and Ahaving in 'said working zone an overall width no greater than said files, the support for said guide providing for rigidly maintaining the'positlon thereof during pivotal movement of said work support. 14. In a liling machine the combination of an endless carrier chain, a series of flles attached to selected links of said chain, a pivoted horizontal work support, means for advancing said chain and files downwardly past said support, an element spaced from and disposed above said support, and a U-shaped reaction guide member engaging said chain and extending along the sides thereof, and contacting the backs of said les, said guide spanning the space between said element and said support, the support for said guide providing for rigidly maintaining the position thereof during pivotal movement of said work support. 15. In a lng machine the combination of an endless carrier, a series of illes attached to said carrier, a horizontal work support, means for advancing said carrier and les downwardly through the working zone and past said support, a pair of vertically spaced elements disposed respectively above and below the worksupporting surface of said support, and a reaction guide detachably associated with both of said elements and engaging said carrier, said guide in said working zone being of a lateral horizontal overall width no greater than the work engaging faces of said les. 16. In a filing machine the combination of an endless carrier chain, a series of illes attached to selected links of said chain, a horizontalwork support, means for advancing said c and files downwardly past said support, a pair of vertically spaced elements disposed respectively above and below the work supporting surface of said support, and a U-shaped reaction guide engaging said chain and extending along the sides thereof, said guide being detachably associated with both of said elements, and of a lateral .horizontal width at the upper level of said work support no greater than the work engaging faces of the les. 17. In a illing machine the combination of an endless carrier, a series of les attached to said carrier, a horizontal work support, means for ad- ,vancing said carrier and les downwardly past said support, a pair of vertically spaced elements disposed respectively above and below the work supporting surface of said support,. and a. reaction guide having a hook-shaped portion resting upon said upper element and having a lower end coacting freely with the front portion of said lower element, the front portion of said guide engaging the rear of said files. 18. In a filing machine the combination of an endless carrier, a series of files attached t0 said carrier, a horizontal work support, means for advancing said carrier and les downwardly past said support, a pair of vertically spaced elements disposed respectively above and below the work supporting surface of said support, and a U-shaped reaction guide having a hook-shaped portion resting upon said upper element and having a lower end coacting freely with the front p0rtion of said lower element, the walls of the U-shaped portion of said guide engaging the rear of said files and the sides thereof extending along the opposite sides of said carrier. BENJAMIN GROB. THEODORE GROB.

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    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2632940-AMarch 31, 1953John J RochePower filing machine